Totemism is a religious belief that is frequently associated with shamanistic religions. The totem is usually an animal or other naturalistic figure that spiritually represents a person or, more likely, a clan.
In Australia, there were 270 languages when the Europeans arrived; their religion is said to be Totemism. Totemism involves a relationship between a person or group and a natural object specially united with the gods. For example, a “mountain” is where the gods dwell, and that “mountain” is the totem of a group; a “monkey” is united with a god, and a person or group honours that monkey to honour and influence that god.
Some of the totems are kangaroo, honey- ant, sun and rain.
In South Australia, they talk about a “male” Supreme Being, who now lives in the sky, but once walked upon the Earth. In the North, the Earth is the Mother of all.